Chicago June 3, 2018: The data for the phase 3 KEYNOTE–042 trial has just been presented in the plenary session of the 2018 annual meeting of the American Society for Clinical Oncology (#ASCO18).

Data for this positive phase 3 study was presented by Dr Gilberto Lopes (@GlopesMd), Associate Professor at the Sylvester Comprehensive Cancer Center at the University of the Miami.

The trial in previously untreated patients with metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), who didn’t have an ALK translocation or EGFR mutation, sought to answer the question of whether the anti-PD–1 checkpoint inhibitor pembrolizumab (Keytruda) would be better than chemotherapy in patients whose tumours had an expression of PD-L1 between 1–49%.

Readers may recall that pembrolizumab has already received FDA approval for the treatment of first-line NSCLC in patients with greater than 50% PD-L1 expression, based on data for the KEYNOTE–024 trial that was presented back at ESMO 2016 by Dr Martin Reck.

So what’s the verdict? 

Dr Lopes kindly spoke to Biotech Strategy and shared his perspective on the trial data he shared with ASCO. Will the KEYNOTE–042 trial change the standard of care, and how does it fit in with the KEYNOTE–189 trial data that we heard about at the 2018 AACR annual meeting back in April?

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